Tuesday, July 19, 2016

今日の出来事から 7月19日(火) 今日も熱い、明日も熱い

 オハイオでは共和党の全国大会が開かれ、まあお祭り騒ぎさ? 勝手にシンドバッド? 私、こういう茶番に全く興味がありません。政治そのものに対して興味がありません。権力の極み=政治、すべてのものを動かすのが政治? まあ、わたしには関係ない。

 日本ゴルフ協会(JGA)は、都内で記者会見を行いリオデジャネイロ五輪のゴルフ日本代表選手を正式に発表。男子では池田勇太、片山晋呉、女子では野村敏京、大山志保の派遣が正式に決定。会見ではメダルを獲得した際の報償についても発表され、金メダルでは1,000万円と1年シードを10回分(不連続での使用可)、銀メダルは500万円と1年シード5回分、銅メダルでは300万円と1年シード3回分が与えられる。男女で若干差異がある部分もあり、出場優先順位などの詳細はまだ検討中とのこと。こういうのも下らない。世界ランキング19位の松山が出ない。シーズンを過ぎた片山晋呉が出るのも不思議。
 アメリカもそうでスタ―選手が出ないので、マット・クーチャーが代役で出るみたいです。

 あなたの冷蔵庫に入っている健康に良くないもの?
<p>By now you know that healthy fats—foods like <a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/food-remedies/avocado-lowers-ldl-cholesterol">avocados</a>, nuts, and oils—are good for you. Yet it's still tempting to reach for the low-fat dairy products, isn't it? Well, new research from Tufts University, published in the journal <a href="http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2016/03/22/CIRCULATIONAHA.115.018410.abstract">Circulation</a>, may change your mind: Scientists found that people who consumed <a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/healthy-eating-tips/nutrition-advice-greek-yogurt">full-fat dairy products</a> had as much as a 46% lower risk of developing diabetes over the course of 15 years compared with those who drank skim milk and ate low-fat yogurt and low-fat cheese. And if that didn't convince you, another study—this one of more than 18,000 middle-age women, all part of the <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26912496">Women's Health Study</a>—found that those who ate more high-fat dairy had an 8% lower chance of becoming obese over time compared to those who ate less.<br><strong>Better option: </strong>Whole milk and full-fat yogurt. Not only does it have a richer taste, but nutrition experts also think the higher fat content may improve satiety, ultimately reducing total calorie intake and leading to weight loss.</p>Low Fatと書かれたミルクやヨーグルト<p><a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/smart-shopping/what-your-frozen-broccoli-missing">Frozen vegetables</a> are a great way to ensure you're getting your greens without worrying about them going bad. They also can hold a nutritional bonus: "Frozen veggies are often frozen close to the farm. The transit time is shorter <a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/healthy-eating-tips/new-way-freezing-makes-frozen-spinach-look-fresh">so more nutrition is sealed in that bag</a>," says Krieger. However, leave the bags with sauces included on the shelves. They contain much more fat and sodium than if you were to add a pat of butter at home. One cup of Birds Eye broccoli, cauliflower, and carrots contains just 34 calories and 40 mg of sodium. Compare that to one cup of the California Blend & Cheddar Cheese Sauce, which contains 141 calories, 693 mg sodium, and 7 g of saturated fat.<br><strong>Better option:</strong> Buy plain frozen veggies and drizzle olive oil on top (or try these <a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/frozen-vegetable-recipes">recipes to dress up your frozen veggies</a>). </p>味付けされた冷凍野菜
<p>Love it or hate it, there's no denying that <a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/healthy-eating-tips/low-fat-food-facts">mayonnaise</a> is a major fridge staple. But with 100 calories per Tbsp, this condiment can turn a typical sandwich into a calorie bomb.<br><strong>Better option:</strong> Mustard is a great alternative, but if you crave that creamy texture and rich flavor, try <a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/versatile-pesto">pesto</a>, which is made with heart-healthy olive oil.</p>マヨネーズ
<p>You may think a loaf of reliable, all-American white bread is a harmless vehicle for peanut butter or other sandwich fillers. But white bread is made with <a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/ditch-refined-carbs">refined flour</a>, which has been stripped of the bran and the germ (as well as protein and key nutrients). Besides being lower in protein and fiber than whole wheat bread, studies show that these refined grains may even be dangerous for your heart.<br><strong>Better option: </strong><a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/healthy-eating-tips/whole-grain-bread-labels-decoded">Whole grain breads</a>. Not only are they better for you from a weight-loss perspective, but Harvard University research also shows they may help you live longer: In one large, long-term study published in <a href="https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/press-releases/more-whole-grains-linked-with-lower-mortality-risk/">JAMA Internal Medicine</a>, scientists found that eating more whole grains is associated with up to a 15% lower mortality—particularly cardiovascular disease-related mortality. Be sure that the whole grains you buy say "100% whole grains" and carry the Whole Grains Council stamp of approval.</p>白いパン、すなわち漂白
<p>Last year, the World Health Organization issued a report stating that <a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/healthy-eating-tips/processed-meats-linked-premature-death">processed meat</a> is carcinogenic. According to its International Agency for Research on Cancer—a group comprised of 22 scientists from 10 countries who evaluated more than 800 studies on meat and cancer—curing or smoking meats can lead to the formation of potentially cancer-causing chemicals. What's more, these meats often have as much as 1,000 mg of sodium per serving—nearly half your daily recommended intake. "Hot dogs and luncheon meats are so high in sodium, I cringe when I see their labels," says Krieger. Researchers at Harvard University found that people eating a 1.8-ounce serving of processed meat each day had a 42% higher risk of heart disease and 19% higher risk for <a href="http://www.prevention.com/health/difference-between-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes">type 2 diabetes</a>. Other studies have shown that eating cured meats a few times a month puts you at risk for developing COPD.<br><strong>Better option:</strong> You can still have deli meat—just stock your fridge with brands that offer varieties with no added nitrates and low sodium, like Applegate Farms and Hormel Natural.</p>加工肉
<p>Your typical can of soda contains about 140 calories and 10 tsp of sugar—not exactly the makings of a healthy thirst-quencher—and diet soda isn't any better. In fact, one recent study—and the largest of its kind—by scientists from the <a href="http://now.uiowa.edu/2014/03/ui-study-finds-diet-drinks-associated-heart-trouble-older-women">University of Iowa</a> found that drinking two or more diet drinks a day may increase the risk of heart disease in otherwise healthy postmenopausal women by up to 30%. It also found diet soda drinkers are 50% more likely to die from a cardiovascular health–related disease. What's more, drinking both regular and <a href="http://www.prevention.com/health/effects-of-diet-soda">diet soda</a> has been linked to adult metabolic syndrome, high blood pressure, weight gain in the stomach area, and insulin resistance, which increases your odds for developing heart disease and type 2 diabetes. (Don't believe us? Check out <a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/healthy-eating-tips/diet-soda-bad-you">7 Nasty Side Effects of Drinking Diet Soda</a>.) It's also not a great drink to keep in the fridge if you have kids or teenagers in the house. The extra calories from these sugar-sweetened beverages are a big determinant of childhood obesity.<br><strong>Better option:</strong> Water, fresh juice, or iced tea. Just be sure to keep the juice to smaller servings.</p>スカッとさわやか、ソーダ類
<p>What's easier than picking up a carton of <a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/clean-eating-ice-cream-recipe">ice cream</a> for dessert? And while even full-fat ice cream only contains about 150 calories per 1/2-cup serving, that little pint can be a portion control nightmare. If you go spoon-first into a pint, it's easy to consume 2 to 3 servings in a matter of minutes, leading to more fat, sugar, and calories than you bargained for. "Ice cream can be a <a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/your-body-on-a-binge">trigger food</a>," says Krieger. "So if ice cream is your dessert or snack of choice, buy individual containers for portion control."<br><strong>Better option:</strong> Freeze containers of plain regular or Greek yogurt for a lower-cal treat. Top with fresh fruit, honey, or even a crushed up cookie.</p>アイスクリーム
<p>Don't delude yourself into thinking that French fries you make at home are healthier than ones from a fast food joint. "Most <a href="http://www.prevention.com/food/healthy-eating-tips/frozen-produce-nutrition-versus-fresh-produce">frozen potato products are flash fried</a>. The fat and salt contents are higher than if you did it yourself," says Krieger. One <a href="http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1014296">study</a> from Harvard University found that eating certain foods caused people to pack on pounds more quickly than others. The worst culprit of weight gain? French fries! Eating one serving of French fries per day alone resulted in a 3.4-pound weight gain in 4 years.<br><strong>Better option:</strong> Make your own fries. Cut up potatoes with the skins on (there are 60 different kinds of phytochemicals and vitamins in the skins and flesh), add some olive oil and a pinch of salt, and bake in the oven. </p>冷凍のフライ
まあ、といっても夏にアイスは欠かせません。美味しいハムやベーコンもたまには良いでしょう。毎日食べないことです。

通勤に自転車を使うとさらに効果的
歩くよりも自転車??
南デンマーク大学の調査では、デンマークに住む50~65歳の男女5万2513人を対象に、14年間にわたり糖尿病の発症と自転車に乗る習慣の関連について調査。データの分析では、食生活や飲酒・喫煙習慣、肥満度、自転車以外の運動量などを考慮。その結果、自転車に乗る習慣のある人は、習慣のない人に比べ、糖尿病を発症するリスクが減ることが確かめられています。
 
 便秘は女性のもの? いえいえ、今、子どもでも便秘が増えているのをご存知ですか? 日本トイレ研究所の調査によると、小学生のなんと「5人に1人」が便秘なんだとか。子どもの便秘の原因にはいろいろなものがあり、主に、食事(偏食や好き嫌い)によるものや、運動不足によるもの、また精神的な原因などが考えられます。
 精神的な要因としては、習い事などで子ども自身が忙しかったり、両親が共働きで常に急かされてゆとりのない生活をしていると、ストレスから排便が妨げられたり、排便の機会が得られなくなってしまうことがあるようです。
 また、幼児期ではトイレがうまくできなくて怒られたりすると排便を我慢するようになって、それにより便が硬くなり、便秘につながる場合もあります。子どもが安心して排便できるような雰囲気をつくってあげることが大切です。
 そこで大事なのが朝食です。腸は「ぜん動運動」という動きによって便を肛門へと送り込み、これによって便意をもよおします。そしてこの「ぜん動運動」は、1日の中で1番朝に起きやすいのです。この時間帯に水分や朝食をとって腸を動かし、朝のうちに排便してしまうことが大事です。特に繊維質をたくさん摂るようにしましょう。

 Atlanta, GA 7-Day Forecast
 いまさら、こんなの見ても、暑いだけですがー。

 昨日、カフマン・タイヤの社長のマークが1人できて、食事していきましたが、少し話をしました。合間で私がキッチンに入って皿洗いを手伝っているのを見て、「俺も同じだよ、何でもするよ」と言っていました。オフィスのごみを捨てたり、しているみたいです。カフマンはアトランタで30店舗以上、社員数は200人を超えるでしょう。それでも創業家の2代目、マークは動きます。というか、人に言うよりも自分がやるのが早いからでしょうか。
 私は自分の仕事がないときは、他を手伝う、それが当たり前です。皿洗いを躊躇うこともありません。皿洗いはレストランの原点みたいなもの。基本中の基本です。こうした単純作業の中にも改善があるのです。
 例えば、以前は麺類のどんぶりの下に皿を置いて運んでいました。その理由は簡単で、サーバーが持つのが熱いからです。そしてトレイを使えば良いのに使わないからです。それを指摘して改善。皿洗いもそうで、汚れてもいない皿を洗う手間は省けば少しでも効率が上がるのです。こうした細かいところを5見つけるとそれが大きな節約になります。
 経営とはそういうもので、細かいところの積み重ねです。特に自営業というか零細企業は、それが実に大きなものになります。だからオーナーはなんでもしないといけない。その中で自分で発見するのです。時間給で働く人の意見を吸い上げる手間よりも自分で見つけてすぐに改善する方が早いのです。

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今日の出来事から 9月21日(木)今日から戦い

Septiembre Veinte Uno ( Jueves) Terremoto Ciudado de Mexico  地震のことをテレモトとスペイン語でいいます。これでまた1つの単語を覚えました。危険=クイダドはよく使いますから、知っていましたが。  今日からツアーの最...